川普政府正在推进海洋勘探工作(中英文对照)

The Trump Administration Is Advancing Ocean Exploration

川普政府正在推进海洋勘探工作

America’s oceans, coastal waters, and Great Lakes are national treasures, providing beauty and recreation, along with valuable resources that enhance our health, security, and economic prosperity. America’s oceans and coastlines contribute greatly to America’s economy, supporting 154,000 ocean-dependent businesses, $373 billion of economic activity annually, 2.3 million jobs, and $162 billion in wages.

美国的海洋、沿海水域和五大湖是国家宝藏,这一切给予人们美丽景致和娱乐场地,还提供了增进我们健康、安全和经济繁荣的宝贵资源。美国的海洋和海岸线地区为美国经济做出了巨大贡献,支撑着15.4万家以海洋为支柱的企业、年均3730亿美元的经济活动、以及总值达1620亿美元薪金的230万个工作岗位。

Advancing understanding of our oceans and coastlines has been a top priority for President Trump, particularly as it relates to further mapping the United States Exclusive Economic Zone (U.S. EEZ) –an area surrounding the United States that is larger than the areas of all fifty states combined. The U.S. EEZ contains a vast amount of natural resources, such as critical minerals, energy, and marine-derived pharmaceutical compounds, and is home to countless ecosystems on which the health and productivity of the oceans depend.

提高对海洋和海岸线地区的认知一直是川普总统的优先任务,特别是因为这与进一步绘制美国专属经济区(U.S. EEZ)有关。该区是个环绕美国,比所有50个州的面积加起来还要大的区域。美国专属经济区包含大量的自然资源,如紧要矿物、能源,和海洋衍生物类的药品复合成分,也是海洋的自身健康和生产力所依赖的无数个生态系统的所在地。

Only 40 percent of the EEZ has been mapped, and considerably less has been fully explored and studied to identify the natural resources that could benefit our Nation. The undiscovered potential is priceless. Knowledge of our oceans will support advancements in tourism and recreation, maritime commerce, healthy and sustainable fisheries, improved understanding of ocean characteristics and marine life, resilient coastal communities, and other national interests.  Recognizing the importance of this critical resource, President Trump has taken bold action to dramatically increase our understanding of the marine environment to support the conservation, management, and balanced use of our extraordinary ocean resources.

只有40%的EEZ已被测绘,而只有比这还少之又少的区域才已被我们为了辨识何种自然资源可能造福于国家而充分勘探和研究,那些尚未被发现的潜力是无价的。我们对海洋的认知将有益于推进很多层面的发展,诸如旅游和娱乐业、海洋商务贸易,健康和可持续型的渔业,对海洋特征和海洋生物的更多了解,抗逆境适应力强的沿海社区,以及其他许多国家利益。 因为认识到这一紧要资源的重要性,为大幅度增加我们对海洋环境 的认知,川普总统已经采取了有胆略的行动,用以支持对我们广博海洋资源的保护、管理和平衡利用。

In November of last year, President Trump signed a Presidential Memorandum directing the Federal government to develop a national strategy to map and explore the U.S. EEZ, a strategy to map the coast of Alaska, and recommendations to facilitate permitting for ocean exploration and research. Today, as Co-Chairs of the Ocean Policy Committee, we are proud to release strategies and recommendations requested by the President that will guide the national ocean mapping and exploration enterprise, unleashing a new era of knowledge and innovation and ensuring continued U.S. global leadership in ocean research.

去年11月,川普总统签署了一份总统备忘录,指示联邦政府研制一项绘制和勘探美国专属经济区的国家战略,包含绘制阿拉斯加海岸地区,以及要求联邦政府对促进海洋勘探和研究许可批准方面提出建议。今天,作为海洋政策委员会的共同主席,我们自豪地发布这些经总统要求所制定的战略和建议。这将指导国家海洋测绘和勘探事业,开创认知和创新的新时代,并确保美国在海洋研究方面持续保持全球领先地位。

The National Strategy for Ocean Mapping, Exploration, and Characterization provides a roadmap to coordinate Federal action and further our understanding of the U.S. EEZ. This roadmap will advance key goals, including completing mapping the deep water by 2030 and the nearshore waters by 2040 and exploring and characterizing priority areas of the U.S. EEZ. It also will aid in developing and maturing new and emerging science and technologies, and building public and private partnerships to support these activities.

“国家海洋测绘勘探和特征归类“战略提供了一个协调联邦层面的行动,并进一步了解美国专属经济区的路线图。该路线图将推动实现我们的关键目标,包括在2030年之前完成深海的测绘,在2040年之前完成近岸水域的测绘,以及对U.S. EEZ优先区域进行探索和特征归类。它还将对那些新的和新兴科学技术,在开发和护助到成熟期方面给予帮助,并辅助建立公共和私人机构的合作关系用以支持这些行动。

The Alaska Coastal Mapping Strategy, developed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Alaska Mapping Executive Committee, and the State of Alaska, advances the modernization of ocean and coastal maps. Because Alaska lacks current mapping data, this work is critical to a state that has a coastline longer than all other states’ coastlines combined. With an economy closely linked to coastal and ocean waters, accurate, up-to-date mapping will support economic growth, resource management, and the safety and security of Alaska’s coastal residents.

“阿拉斯加沿海测绘战略” 是由国家海洋和大气管理局、阿拉斯加测绘执行委员会,以及阿拉斯加州联合制定,它推进了海洋和沿海地图的现代化。由于阿拉斯加缺乏即时最新的测绘数据,而这项工作对于一个海岸线比其他所有州的海岸线加起来还要长的州来说尤为重要。因为它的经济与沿海和海洋水域紧密相关,准确而即时最新的测绘数据才能对经济增长、资源管理以及阿拉斯加沿海居民的安全和安保 提供有效支持。

Ocean and coastal exploration, mapping, and research activities frequently require multiple environmental reviews, consultations, permits, and other authorizations under Federal laws and regulations. In order to reduce duplication, increase coordination across Federal agencies, save taxpayer dollars, eliminate waste, and protect marine resources, President Trump directed the Ocean Policy Committee to recommend actions that increase the efficiency of the permitting process for ocean exploration activities. The Recommendations for Increasing the Efficiency of Permitting for Ocean Exploration, Mapping, and Research Activities identify opportunities to promote clarity and consistency in the Federal permitting processes, examine approaches to increase efficiency, and evaluate ways in which new and emerging science and technology can streamline the permitting process.

海洋和沿海勘探、测绘和研究活动频繁地需要依照联邦法律和法规,进行多种环境评估,咨询,许可证获取,以及其他授权。为了减少重复工作,加强联邦机构之间的协调,节约纳税人的钱,消除浪费,保护海洋资源,川普总统指示海洋政策委员会要对提高海洋勘探活动的许可程序的效率提出建议。此《提高海洋勘探测绘和研究活动许可效率的建议》确认了以下需改进的机会,包括促进联邦许可获准程序的清晰度和一致性, 查验可提高效率的途径,并评估对新的和新兴科学技术许可证获准可以标准流程化方法。

June is National Ocean Month, and under President Trump’s leadership, high priority is placed on advancing our knowledge of America’s unexplored oceans and coastlines. Through increased mapping, exploration, and efficient permitting, the United States is poised to harness cutting-edge science, new technologies, and partnerships that will benefit our economy, enhance national security, and promote conservation and stewardship of our oceans.

6月是美国国家海洋月,在川普总统的领导下,我们对提高在美国的未开发海洋和海岸线区域的认知给予了优先级别。通过在测绘、勘探和许可获准效率上的增进,美国已准备就绪,并驾驭着我们的尖端科学、新技术和各种合作关系,从而将增进我们的经济,加强国家安保,并促进对海洋的保护和对海洋的管理尽职尽责。

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翻译: 【OnePunchD】校对:【RD16】

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